GINGER

Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or simply ginger, is widely used as a spice or a folk medicine. It is a herbaceous perennial which grows annual stems about a meter tall bearing narrow green leaves and yellow flowers. Ginger is in the family Zingiberaceae, to which also belong turmeric (Curcuma longa), cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum), and galangal. Ginger originated in the tropical rainforest in Southern Asia. Although ginger no longer grows wild, it is thought to have originated on the Indian subcontinent because the ginger plants grown in India show the largest amount of genetic variation.

Ginger was exported to Europe via India in the first century AD as a result of the lucrative spice trade and was used extensively by the Romans.Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or simply ginger, is widely used as a spice or a folk medicine. It is a herbaceous perennial which grows annual stems about a meter tall bearing narrow green leaves and yellow flowers. Ginger is in the family Zingiberaceae, to which also belong turmeric (Curcuma longa)

, cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum), and galangal. Ginger originated in the tropical rainforest in Southern Asia. Although ginger no longer grows wild, it is thought to have originated on the Indian subcontinent because the ginger plants grown in India show the largest amount of genetic variation. Ginger was exported to Europe via India in the first century AD as a result of the lucrative spice trade and was used extensively by the Romans.

Nigeria is the third largest exporter of ginger in the world after China and India. Most of

 the ginger that are available for international trade are simply sun-dried over a few days, but artificial drying is also used in the area lacking a defined dry season to coincide with the harvest. Ginger is produced in six states of the federation namely, Kaduna, Nassarawa, Benue, Niger and Gombe with Kaduna as the major producer. The export markets for ginger includes the United Kingdom, Germany, Spain, Netherland, France, United State of America, Russia, Saudi Arabia among others. 

 

 

Factors Influencing Ginger Markets

1.Type of services and support to the ginger growers

SPECIFICATION VALUE
Drying Process Air Dried
Moisture 9 % Max
Total Ash 7 – 9 % Max
Acid Insoluble Ash 2 – 2.5 % Max
Oil Content 1 – 1.18 % Max
Impurities 0 – 2%max